SUMMARY OF THE 2013 HIV SENTINEL SURVEY REPORT
The National HIV Prevalence in 2013 is 1.3%
An estimated 224,488 Persons made up of 189,931 adults and 34,557 Children (15%) are living with HIV in Ghana
There were 7,812 new infections, 2,407 in Children 0-14years and 5,405 in adults.
There were 10,074 AIDS deaths being 2,248 in Children 0-14 years, and 7,826 adults Estimated Children Orphaned by AIDS is 184,168.
Need for ART for 2013 is estimated to be 125,396 (18,621 children 0-14years)
An estimated 11,682 Mothers will need PMTCT services.
HIV prevalence amongst pregnant women attending Antenatal clinic for 2013 is 1.9% a drop from 2.1% in 2012. It is the first recording below 2% in two decades.
HIV prevalence by age group. 45-49 is highest at 3.3%, followed by 35-39 at 3.2% with 15-19 being the lowest at 0.8%
There has been a decrease in all age groups except for 15-19 and 45-49
The regional HIV prevalence ranged from 3.7% in the Eastern region as the site with the highest prevalence to 0.8% in both the Northern region and Upper West region, as the lowest.
The HIV prevalence by site ranged from 0.2% in Adibo to 11.6% in Agomanya
HIV prevalence by urban sites ranged from 11.6% in Agormanya to 0.6 in Jirapa
In rural sites it ranged from 2.4% in Dangbe East to 0.2% in Adibo
Sites that have seen an increase in prevalence are Obuasi in Ashanti, Agormanya in Eastern and Wenchi in BA.
Sites that have seen consistent decline are Jirapa and Nadowli The Median syphilis prevalence for
2013 is 0.7%
HIV prevalence amongst STI clients is 3.3% (The highest prevalence is amongst the age 40-44 (females 12.5% and males 5.9%)
Comparatively HIV prevalence is higher in urban areas while Syphilis is higher in rural areas
- Eastern Region 3.7%
- Ashanti Region 3.2 %
- Greater Accra Region 2.7%
- Western Region 2.4%
- BrongAhafo Region 2.1%
- UpperEast Region 1.7%
- VoltaRegion 1.2%
- Central Region 1.1%
- Northern Region 0.8%
- UpperWest Region 0.8%
HIV Prevalence by type
- HIV Type I remains dominant at 97.1%
- HIV Type I&II is at 2.1%
- HIV Type II is at 0.8%